FGS is the German branch of the 'Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs' which was founded in 1957 and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995. Among the founders of FGS were such renowned scientists as Max Born, one of the nuclear scientists who signed the Russell-Einstein-Manifesto in 1955 as well as Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, who took part in the second Pugwash-Conference in Canada in 1985 as the first German Pugwash-member.
Ever since the first meeting in the little fishing village of Pugwash in Nova Scotia/Canada, renowned and influential scientists have come together at international conferences and workshops to discuss the topics of the atomic threat, armed conflicts and the problems of global security. Pugwash International organises not only annual meetings, but also workshops on topics such as atomic disarmament, biological and chemical weapons and the spreading of weapon technologies as well as topics on development and on the responsibilities of scientists.
The German Pugwash-branch organises public meetings and seminars on topics like international security and nominates participants for the international Pugwash-meetings. The group gathers regularly for the annual meetings of FGS to discuss current topics of peace politics. Prof. Dr. Götz Neuneck/IFSH Hamburg, the FGS-delegate for the Pugwash-conference, co-ordinates the national activities and maintains contact with Pugwash International. A German 'International Student and Youth Pugwash Group' is being set up at the moment and will form an independent part of the German Pugwash Group.
German delegates at Pugwash Conferences were among others: Horst Afheldt, Ulrich Albrecht, Jürgen Altmann, Egon Bahr, Wolf Graf von Baudissin, Jörn Behrmann, Hans-Peter Dürr, Helmut Glubrecht, Klaus Gottstein, Peter Lock, Wolfgang Liebert, Karl-Heinz Lohs, Albrecht von Müller, Kathryn Nixdorff, Friedrich Schmahl, Dieter Senghaas, Ralf Trapp, Herbert Wulf and others.